BIBLIOGRAFIA

1)FONTES PRIMÁRIAS

Como documentação original, utilizarei dois tipos de fonte, uma romana e outra chinesa. Os autores utilizados são:

1) BAN GU Han Shu (The History former of Han dynasty). USA: Baltimore Walverley Press, 1938. Trad. Homer Dubs.

2) FAN YE “Heou Han Chou - Annales de la Dinastie Han” Cap. LXXXVIII. Paris, 1907 APUD MAZAHERI, A. La Route de Soie. Paris: Papyrus, 1983

3) ESTRABÃO Geografia Paris: Belles Lettres, 1975. Trad. F. Lasserre

4) HORÁCIO Odes Paris: Belles Lettres, 1930. Trad. F. Villeuneuve & O. Ricoux

5) MARCIAL Epigramon Paris: Belles Lettres, 1930. trad. H. Izaac

6) PLÍNIO, O Velho. Historie Naturelle Paris: Belles Lettres, 1980. Trad. J. André & J. Filliozat

7) POMPONIUS MELA Chorographie Paris: Belles Lettres, 1988. Trad. A. Silberman

8) PTOLOMEU Geography of Claudius Ptolemy. New York: Dover, 1991. Trad. E. Stevenson

9) OVÍDIO Amours Paris: Belles Lettres, 1929. H. Bornecque & J. Néraudan

10) SIMA QIAN Records of the grand historian - Shi Ji. Columbia: Columbia University Press, 1993. Trad. Burton Watson.



2)FONTES SECUNDÁRIAS

1) ALFODY, G. Historia social de Roma. Madrid: Alianza, 1988.

2) ANQUETIL, J. Routes de la soie. Paris: ed. JCL 1992

3) ANDREAU, J. “Vingtans aprés l’economie antique de M. Finley”, p. 947, Paris: Analles N.5, 1995 9 (s/edt)

4) AYMARD, A. “A China dos Ts'in e dos Han” in CROUZET, M. História geral das civilizações. Rio de Janeiro: ed Bertrand Brasil, 1994 V. 2 p.591-604.

_______. “As trocas comerciais e culturais” in CROUZET, M. História geral das civilizações. Rio de Janeiro: ed. Bertrand Brasil, 1994 V.5 p. 137-155.

_______. “A expansão da civilização chinesa” in CROUZET, M. História geral das civilizações. Rio de Janeiro: ed. Bertrand Brasil, 1994 V.5 p.247-257.

_______. (org.) Aspects de La China. Paris: PUF, 1959

5) BALAZS, E. Chinese Civilization and Bureaucracy. New York: New Haven, 1964

6) BANERJEA, J. The scythians ans parthians in India. New Delhi: People Publishing House, 1987.

7)BIELENSTEIN, H. The Bureaucracy of Han Times. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1980

8) BLUNDEN, C. & ELVIN, M. China. Lisboa; Edições Del Prado, 1997.

9) BOZAN, J. & OUTROS A concise history of China. Beijing: Foreign Languages Press, 1981

10) BUENO, A. Relações de Centro e Periferia na China Antiga. Texto para o Curso de Pós Graduação da UFF. Niterói: UFF, 2001.

11) CHANG, K. C. The archaeology of ancient China. London: Yale University Press, 1968

12) CHENG, A. Etudes sur le Confucionisme Han. Paris: IHAC, 1985

13) CHIN, C.S. Economic History of China. Washington: Belligham, 1974.

14) CH’U, T. T. Han Social Structure. Washington: University Washington Press, 1972

15) CIMINO, R. S. Rome and India. India: South Asia books, 1994.

______. et alli Ancient Rome and India: commercial and cultural contacts between the roman world and India. Nova Delhi; Munshiram Manoharial, 1996.

16) COEDES, G. Textes d’auters grecs et latins relatifs a L’Extreme Orient. NY: Ares Publishers, 1977.

17) COLLEDGE, M. The Partians. London: ed. Thames and Hudson, 1967.

18) COLLON, D. Parthians ans sasanians beyond the Euphrates. Berkeley: University California Press, 1995.

19) DABROWA, E. La politique d l’ etat a l’ egard du Rome et d’ Artaban II a Vologese I (II a.C. – 79 d.C.). Cracóvia: Université Jagiellonski, 1983.

______. “Les rapports entre Rome et les parthes sous Vespasian”. Syria, vol. 58 Paris, 1981 p. 187-204.

20) DAWSON, R. Sima Qian Historical Records. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994

21) DEBEVOISE, N. A political History of Parthia. Chicago: U.C.P, 1969

______. “The essentials characteristics of Parthian and Sassanian Glyptic art”. Bertyus, Vol. 1 Beirut, 1934 p. 12-19.

22) DE GRAZIA, S. Masters Chinese of political thought. NY: Viking, 1973

23) EBREY, P. Chinese Civilization. New York: Free Press, 1993.

24) EKHOLM, K. & FRIEDMAN, J. “Capital” imperialism and exploitation in ancient world systems”. In FRANK, A.G. e GILLS, B. K. The world system : five hundred years or five thousands?. London: ed. Routledge, 1993.

25) ESCARRA, J. La Chine. Paris: Armand Colin, 1939

26) FERGUSON, J. China and Rome. ANRW, II, 9-2. 1978

27) FINLEY, M. A economia no mundo antigo. Lisboa: ed. Afrontamento, 1973.

28) FINZI, C. Nos confins do mundo. Lisboa: ed.70, 1979.

29)FLORENZANO, M. O Mundo antigo: economia e sociedade. São Paulo: Brasiliense, 1994.

30) FRANK, A. G. e GILLS, B. K. The world system : five hundred years or five thousands?. London: ed. Routledge, 1993

______. FRANK, A. G. “The modern World system revisited-rereading Braudel and Wallerstein” in SANDERSON, S. (org.) Civilization and world system. London: Altamira Press, 1995

31)FRANKE, H. & TRAUZETEL, R. El Imperio Chino, Madrid: Col. Historia Universal siglo XXI, 1973, vol. 19.

32)FREZOULS, E. “Quelque einsegnements du Periple de la mére Eryhtrée” in Ktema N.9 Strasbourg: V.S.H. 1984

33)FREZOULS, E. “Les relations romano-parthes avant l’epoque flavienne”. Ktema v.13 Strasbourg, 1993.

34) FRYE, R. The Heritage of Persia. Cleveland: World Publisher, 1962.

______. The history of Ancient Iran. München: C.H.B. verlagbuchandlung, 1984

35) FUNARI, P. Antiguidade Clássica. Campinas: UNICAMP, 1998.

______. Cultura Popular na Antiguidade Clássica. SP: Contexto, 2000.

______. Grécia e Roma. SP: Contexto, 2001.

36) GALES, E. Discourses on the salt and the iron. Leyden; E. Brill, 1931.

37) GERNET, J. O Mundo Chinês. Lisboa: Cosmos, 1979.

38) GRANET, M. A Civilização Chinesa. Rio de Janeiro: Otto Pierre, 1979.

______. O Pensamento Chinês. Lisboa: Contraponto, 1997.

39) GRANT, M. Civilização Clássica. RJ: Zahar, 1994.

40) GREENE, K. The archaeology of the roman economy. London; Batsford, 1978.

41) GROUSSET, R. Histoire de la Chine. Paris: Fayard, 1942

______. The rise and splendor of the Chinese empire. California: UCP, 1953

______. The Empire of the Steppes. NY: Barnes and Nobles, 1999

42) GUARINELLO, N. Imperialismo Greco-Romano. São Paulo: Ática, 1991.

43) HOLT, F. Alexander the Great in Bactria. New York, 1995.

______. Thundering Zeus. Berkeley: UCP, 1999.

44) HOOKHAM, H. The Short History of China. USA: Mentor, 1972.

45) HOPKINS, K. Conquerors and slaves. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1978.

46) HSU, C. Han agriculture: the formation of the early chinese agrarian economy. Seattle; University Washington press, 1980.

47) XINRU, L. Ancient China and Ancient India: trade on religions exchange AD 1-600. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1980.

48) JANVIER, Y. “Rome et l’Orient lointain: le problemes des seres” in Ktema, N. 9, Strasbourg: V.S.H., 1984

49) JAROCKA, M. L. "As relações entre a Índia e a Grécia antes e depois de Alexandre" in Textos de cultura clássica. Brasil: SBEC, 1991.

50) JOPERT, R. O Alicerce Cultural da China. Rio de Janeiro: Avenir, 1979.

51) KALTENMARK, O. La literature Chinoise. Paris: Presses Universite de France, 1948.

52) KAN RU, L. & YUANJUN, F. Breve História da literatura Chinesa clássica. Beijing: ed. Línguas Estrangeiras, 1986.

53) KARDOULIAS, P.N. “Multiple levels in the Aegean Bronze age World-system” in World system theory in practice: leadership, production and exchange. Edit by Kardoulias, P.N. New York: Rowman & Littelfield, 1999 p.180-200

54) KENNEDY, D. Rome’s desert frontier. Austin: Texas University press, 1990.

55) KIRBY, E.S. Introduction to the economic History of China. London: George Allen, 1954

56) KOSHELENKO, G. The Yuechi and the migrations. New York: UNESCO, 1994.

57) LEE, A. Informations and Frontiers- Roman Foreign Relations in Late Antiquity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

58) LEVEQUE, P. O Mundo Helenístico. Lisboa: Edições 70, 1987.

______. A aventura grega. Lisboa: Cosmos, 1979.

59) LOVE, J.R. Antiquity and Capitalism. London: Routledge, 1991

60) LOEWE, M. Imperial China. London: George Allen, 1966

______. Crisis and Conflict in Han Dinasty. London: George Allen, 1974

______. Everyday life in Early Imperial China. London: Batsford, 1968

______. Records of Han administration. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1967

61) MAIER, F. G. Las transformaciones del mundo mediterráneo. Historia Universal Siglo XXI, España, 1978 Vol. 9

62) MASPERO, H. La Chine Antique. Paris: Presses Universite de France, 1965.

63) MAZAHERY, A . “L’origine chinoise de la balance “romaine” in Analles 15o n. 5. Paris: Armand Colin, 1960

_______. La Route de Soie. Paris: Papyrus, 1983.

64) MCEVEDY, C. Atlas de História Antiga. Lisboa: Verbo, 1990.

65) MENDES, N. M. “As relações políticas entre o Princeps e o Populus romanorum através do transcrito público”. P.39-49 Helade 2 (1), 2001 em www.heladeweb.com

_____. Roma republicana. SP: Ática, 1988.

66) MICHULIN, A.V. História da Antigüidade. Lisboa: Centro do Livro Brasileiro, s/d.

67) MOMIGLIANO, A. Os limites da Helenização. RJ: Zahar, 1991.

68) MONTENEGRO, A. Historia de la China Antigua. Madrid: Istmo, 1974

69) MORTON, W.S. China – história e cultura. RJ: Zahar, 1986.

70) MUQI, C. The silk road, past and present. Beijing: Foreign languages press, 1989

71) MUSEUM OF SINKIANG UIGHUR AUTONOMOUS REGION The Silk road, fabrics from the Han to the Tang Dynasty. San Francisco, 1973

72) NASH, D. “Imperial expansion under the roman republic” in ROWLANDS, M. et alli. Center and Periphery in the Ancient World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987 p.87-104.

73) NEEDHAM, J. Science and civilization in China. London: Cambridge University Press, 1976

74) NICOLET, C. Space, geography and politic in the early roman empire. Michigan: Michigan University Press, 1994.

75) NIENHAUSER, W. et alli The Grand Scribe's Records. Indiana: IUP, 1994

76)PAN KU, SWANN, L. Food and Money in Ancient China. New York: Hippocremerbook, 1972.

77)PALUDAN, A . Chronicle of the Chinese Emperors. London: Thames and Hudson, 2000

78) PAYNE, R. The splendor of Persia. New York: Knopf, 1957.

79)PETIT, P. O Mundo Antigo. Lisboa: Círculo dos leitores, 1977.

80)POLAYNI, K. et alli. Comercio y Mercado en los imperios antiguos. Barcelona; Labor, 1976.

81)REID, S. As Rotas da Seda – Invenções e Comércio. Lisboa: Estampa – UNESCO, 2000.

_____. As Rotas da Seda – Os caminhos marítimos. Lisboa: Estampa – UNESCO, 2000.

_____. As Rotas da Seda – Culturas e Civilizações. Lisboa: Estampa – UNESCO, 2000.

82) ROBERT, J. N. Sur les routes de soie au temps de cesars. Paris: Belles Lettres, 1993.

______. De Roma a China. Barcelona: Humanidades, 1996.

83) ROWLANDS, M. et alli. Center and Periphery in the Ancient World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987

84) ROSTOVTZEFF, M. História de Roma. RJ: Zahar, 1979.

85) SANDERSON, S.K. & alli Civilizations and World System. London: Altamira, 1995

86) SCHNEIDER, J. “Was there pre-capitalist world system?” in Pisant studies, vol. VI, n.1 Cambridge University, 1977

87) SORABJEE, H. Beyond the Himalayas. In search of the ancient silk route. Mumbai: Kamlesh Shah, 1999

88) STRATHERN, P. S. As Rotas da Seda – Os caminhos terrestres. Lisboa: Estampa – UNESCO, 2000.

89)TANG, R. & COLOMBEL, P. “A rota marítima da seda”. Correio da Unesco, N.8 Brasil, 1984.

90) TEGGART, F. Rome and China. California: UCP, 1969

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92) THORLEY, F. “The silk trade between China and the Roman Empire at his height, circa A.D. 90-130” in Greece & Rome London: Thames & Hudson, 1971

______. “The Roman Empire and the Kushans” in Greece & Rome N.2 Oxford: Oxford Press, 1979

93) VEYNE, P. “Rome devant la pretendue fuite de l’ or: mercantilisme ou politique disciplinarie?” in Annales N.2 Paris: ESC, 1979

94) VOLLMER, J. Silk Roads, China Ships. Toronto: Ontario Museum, 1983-84.

95) YONG, M. “A rota da seda” in Correio da Unesco Brasil n°8, 1984.

96) YU, Y.S. Trade and expansion in Han China. L.A.: Berkeley, 1967

97) WALLERSTEIN, I. The modern world system capitalist agriculture and the origins of the European world-economy in the sixteenth century. New York: ed. Academic press, 1974

98) WARMINGTON, E. The commerce between Roman Empire and India. New Delhi: MLBN, 1995.

99) WATSON, B. Early Chinese Literature. Columbia: Columbia University Press, 1960.

100) WATSON, W. China Antiga. Lisboa: Verbo, 1969.

101) WHEELER, Sir M. Rome beyond the Imperial frontiers. London: Penguin books, 1955

102) WILBUR, C.M. Slavery in China during the former Han Dynasty. Chicago: Field Museum of Natural History, 1943



3) WEBGRAFIA

1) FONTES PRIMÁRIAS

1) ANONIMO Périplo do Mar Eritreu. In www.fordham.edu/halsall/india Trad. W. Schoff.

2) ARDASHIR Karnamik I Ardashir. In www.fordham.edu/halsall/ancient Trad. C. Horne.

3) AUGUSTO Res Gestae. In www.classic.mit.edu Trad. T. Bushell.

4) BAN GU Han Shu. In www.eshunet.com

5) ESTRABÃO Geography. In www.perseus.tufts.edu s/t.

_____. Geography. In www.classic.mit.edu Trad. H. L. Jones

6) HIRTH, F.H. China and the Roman Orient: Researches into their Ancient and Medieval Relations as Represented in Old Chinese Records Shanghai & Hong Kong, 1885 p. 35-96 In www.fordham.edu/halsall/eastasian – que contém os seguintes extratos utilizados neste trabalho:

a) SIMA QIAN Shi ji, CXXIII

b) BAN GU Han shu (Qien Han shu), XCVI

c) FAN YE Hou Han shu , LXXXVI - LXXXVIII

d) YU HUAN Wei lu (s/numeração)

e) FAN QIAO Jin shu, XCVII

f) SHEN YUE Song shu, XCVII

g) YAO CHA Liang shu, LIV

Partes destes textos pode ser encontrado de modo completo em Silk Roads Narratives.

7) PAUSANIAS History – Descriptions of Greece. In www.perseus.tufts.edu Trad. H. Jones & H. Ormerod.

8) PTOLOMEU Geography. In www.ukans.edu . Trad. K. Muller.

9) PLINIO VELHO Natural History. www.ukans.edu H. Mayhoff.

10) SIMA QIAN Shi Ji. In www.eshunet.com

11) SUETONIUS. De Vita Caesarum. In www.stoa.org/suetonius s/t.

12) TACITUS Anais. In www.classic.mit.edu Trad. A. Church & W. Bradribb.

13) YAO CHA Liang Shu. In www.eshunet.com